The Differences Between PVDF and PTFE Membrane

PVDF membrane and PTFE membrane are mainly used in chromatographic analysis and have a good effect on protecting the chromatogram and preventing contamination of the infusion pump tube system and injection valve. Membrane manufacturer tells us PTFE PVDF filter membrane is widely used in gravity analysis, microanalysis, colloid separation, and sterility test. Select the appropriate filter membrane according to the sample during use.

Both polyvinylidene fluoride PVDF material and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane material are fluorine-containing. These microfiltration membranes have excellent chemical stability and are suitable for use at high temperatures.

PVDF vs PTFE

PTFE stands for Poly Tetra Fluoroethylene. People generally call it non-sticking lining or easy-cleaning material. The material of PTFE has the characteristics of antiacid and antisolvent, which means it is hardly insoluble in all solvents. PTFE is heat-resistant and with low friction coefficients. People always not only use it for lubricating but also regard it as the ideal coating material for the lining of water pipes.

PTFE membrane filter is a kind of material named ultra-fine fiber glass coated with PTFE resins. Its durability, fireproofing and antifouling property are all outstanding. The PTFE membrane filters are usually white, have high transmittance, and have the ability to maintain their performance for more than 25 years.

Different from PTFE, PVDF is the abbreviation for Polyvinylidene Fluoride. PVDF filter is from PVC membrane that is coated with PVDF resins on it, which is better than PVC membrane in durability. PVDF membrane is a kind of solid-phase carrier for the western blot in common use. PVDF membrane is hydrophobic.

hydrophobic membrane and hydrophilic ptfe membrane ptfe membrane filters PTFE membrane filter

Let us understand the PTFE PVDF difference in the following three aspects.

PTFE vs PVDF

1. Solvent resistance, acid, and alkali resistance are different for PVDF vs PTFE.

PTFE membrane, its use temperature is -40~260℃, can withstand strong acid, strong alkali, and various organic solvents. Because of its hydrophobicity, it can be used to filter the vapor and various corrosive liquids. But the PVDF membrane has the characteristics of fluororesin and general-purpose resin.

In addition to good chemical resistance, high-temperature resistance, oxidation resistance, weather resistance, and radiation resistance, it also has special properties such as piezoelectricity, dielectric, and pyroelectricity. Good chemical stability, resistance to strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidants, and organic solvents, and high temperature.

However, the membrane filter is hydrophobic, does not absorb water, has poor creep resistance and low bending strength, so care should be taken when using it. Hawach also supplies hydrophilic membrane filter, which has the highest tolerance, best used for an aqueous organic mixed solution.

3. The chemical reaction is different between PVDF and PTFE.

PVDF membrane is used in the low-potential test area of the negative electrode material. PTFE membrane filter can only be used at a higher potential. PTFE membrane is easy to decompose at low potential.

The smaller the aperture of the PVDF membrane is, the firmer the PVDF membrane is. There is an interesting phenomenon that PVDF membranes are popular than PTFE membrane filters in the northern territory. Maybe the reason is that the glass transition temperature of PVDF membranes is close to 40 degrees below zero, it is better in low-temperature resistance.

2. Different uses for PTFE vs PVDF.

The difference between PVDF and PTFE membranes in industrial applications, PTFE membrane filter is basically not used, but CMC + SBR is used for water, and the PVDF membrane filter is used for oil.

PVDF vs Teflon

1. Different materials, Teflon raw material is PTFE, PVDF raw material is polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF).
2. Different temperature resistance, Teflon temperature resistance 260℃, PVDF temperature resistance 150 and 175.

If you want to know more about what is PVDF, please click “What are PVDF and the PVDF filter membrane?
PTFE membrane is divided into the hydrophobic PTFE membrane and hydrophilic PTFE membrane, please click “Main Applications Of Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic PTFE Membrane Filter” to know more about it.
Click here to know “Application of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Membrane“.